Condemnation and Atonement
Bro. Wilton Sankey
- The condemnation mankind inherits from Adam:
- Only three places in scripture from Greek, katakrima. Romans 5:16, 18 v16
Again, the git of God is not like the result of the one mans sin: The judgment
followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and
brought justification. v. 18 Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was
condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification
that brings life for all men. And Romans 8:1 Therefore, there is now no
condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. This judgment or sentence is the
most severe of the other forms such as Krima or Krisis. We suggest
the Bible implies katakrima is a sentence to perish. We will recite some scripture to
support this in John 3:16-18 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and
only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. For God did
not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.
Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned
already because he has not believed in the name of Gods one and only Son.
Note! To believe, means those baptized or children of God. John 1:12
Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to
become children of God.
Note John 3:18! Given the fact the Amended believe condemnation from Adam is only
mortality (not a sentence to perish), how could one explain v. 18? Are we to understand
believers are not mortal? We refer to Roberts (probably the propagator of this error) in
his last work Law of Moses p. 248 bottom of the page. Christ required no
justification morally, and the only other justification, which the Scriptures teach he did
require, was justification by spirit from the condemnation of mortality resting upon his
flesh-nature. Also, p. 175 bottom of the first paragraph. And what is death
but the condemnation of sin? Christ did not sin, but he inherited the condemnation of sin
in deriving his nature from a daughter of Adam, the condemned.
Romans 8:1 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in
Christ Jesus. When understood correctly, this verse harmonizes perfectly with the
belief Unamended have always taught, i.e., There is therefore now (subsequent to
baptism) no condemnation to them in Christ Jesus. Or, we are no longer under the
condemnation or sentence to perish by reason of having been born in Adam. We have been set
free from the Law of Sin and Death which is the condemnation. I Cor. 15:22 For
as in Adam all die (perish?), so in Christ all will be made alive (immortal?). Note!
In this chapter, only the faithful saints are being considered when reference is made to
the change. Remember! The Amended belief is the condemnation inherited from
Adam is only mortality and proneness to sin. The simple explanation should be
that saints are no longer mortal or prone to sin. However, we know this is not true.
Therefore, the Amended have taken a vague position by saying baptism is only a provisional
removal. The actual removal comes at ones death (physical). Mistake! The Amended
only see sin in its personal form, or committed sin. However, we can understand
differently from the different sacrifices offered under the Law of Moses, i.e., the Burnt
offering was never for personal sin but for sin and death which is a sentence to perish.
Conversely, the sin and trespass offerings were required to remove personal sin.
The Bible refers to sin in at least five different forms. Not just personal or
- Constitutional sin inherited from Adam. Romans 5:12, 18-19. Therefore, just as sin
entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to
condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification
that brings life for all men. For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many
were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made
- Sin of ignorance (personal) and self righteousness. Leviticus chapters 4-5.
- Sin of trespass (personal). Leviticus 5:14-19. The Lord said to Moses: When a
person commits a violation and sins unintentionally in regard to any of the Lords
holy things, he is to bring to the Lord as a penalty a ram from the flock, one without
defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt
offering. He must make restitution for what he has failed to do in regard to the holy
things, add a fifth of the value to that and give it all to the priest, who will make
atonement for him with the ram as a guilt offering, and he will be forgiven. If a person
sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lords commands, even though he does
not know it, he is guilty and will be held responsible. He is to bring to the priest as a
guilt offering a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this
way the priest will make atonement for him for the wrong he has committed unintentionally,
and he will be forgiven. It is a guilt offering: he has been guilty of wrongdoing against
- Sin of presumption. Numbers 15:30-31. But anyone who sins defiantly, whether
native-born or alien, blasphemes the Lord, and that person must be cut off from his
people. Because he has despised the Lords word and broken his commands, that person
must surely be cut off; his guilt remains on him. Hebrews 10:26 If we
deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no
sacrifice for sins is left."
- Sin of omission. James 4:17 Anyone, then, who knows the good he ought to do and
doesnt do it, sins.
The Amended do not recognize that mankind is under and law (of sin and death) which
condemns them to perish unless they come under a different law (spirit of life in Christ
Jesus) which will remove the curse and provide a hope of life everlasting. The Amended see
the curse as only physical (mortality) and therefore can only be removed by a physical
death. Why cant they see that baptism is a type or figure of Jesus death on
the cross? II Tim. 2:11-12. Here is a trustworthy saying: If we died with him, we
will also live with him; if we endure, we will also reign with him. If we disown him, he
will also disown us. And if a man is dead, he is free from sin. I.e. the
law of sin and death found in Romans 6:7. No more condemnation from the sin of Adam.
This brings up the question concerning those who shall never die, being
alive when Christ returns. When do they get out of Adam? And, also, those
saints who are resurrected are mortal when they come forth. Does this mean
they still havent gotten out of Adam even though they did die a physical death? It
would seem the Amended would have to believe in an immortal emergence to be
consistent with their theory. Everyone is aware Brother Thomas taught this error but later
learned differently and corrected this mistake. But, the theory of the enlightened
rejecter will lead one to adopt this error and many others as well.
The bottom line of this false teaching by the Amended is wrested so they can resurrect,
judge, punish, and consign to eternal death the enlightened who
refuse to make a covenant with God. This would be impossible if man were to perish if he
died outside covenant relationship with God (which is the case).
So therefore the false teaching by the Amended that condemnation is only mortality has
been around a long time. Here are some documented examples.
- Law of Moses p. 240. Only where there is knowledge does ground of
condemnation exist. Are we to understand that all infants and young are not under
the condemnation until they become old enough to understand Gods plan of salvation?
- Seasons of Comfort p. 496. In this statement Roberts considers mortality all
that is handed down from Adam to all his descendants. Quote: Jesus, as the son of
Mary, partaking of their common sin caused mortality (for death entered into the
world by sin Rom. 5:12), he stood in as much need as they of that redemption from
death, as the antitypical lamb of Jehovahs passover. We can see Roberts
limited the death of Romans 5:12 (later in vs. 16 & 18 as condemnation) to only
- Question! Does condemnation from Adam need to be atoned for? Yes! We might also ask,
How is condemnation really removed? Going back to the beginning, we can safely
say that God, through his mercy, had the condemnation of Adam and Eve removed by slaying
the animals and covering their physical and spiritual nakedness (sin) with the coats of
skin. These sacrifices were a figure of the death of Jesus on the cross by which Adam and
Eve died with Christ. After all, God warned Adam that in the very day thou eatest
thereof, thou shalt surely die. So to be consistent and just, God carries out his
judgment, but in a figure which God allowed as the reality.
We might ask, Wasnt mortality also at least a part of the
condemnation? If we look closely, we notice the pronouncement of dying (mortality)
came later in Genesis 3:19. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until
you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you
will return. Since Adam and Eve were created very good and not under a
sentence, a change of nature (to mortal) was necessary for God to carry out his sentence
on Adam and Eve as well as all mankind.
The following are a few references which show that atonement was necessary for both
physical sin (inherited) and moral sin (personal committed). Romans 5:16,18. Again,
the gift of God is not like the result of the one mans sin: The judgment followed
one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought
justification. Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all
men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for
all men. Heb. 10:22, Let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full
assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and
having our bodies washed with pure water. Col. 3:9, Do not lie to each other,
since you have taken off your old self with its practices. Ps. 32:1, Blessed
is he whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered.
- What does the term atonement mean? The English word is used only one time in
the authorized version New Testament, found in Romans 5:11, Not only is this so, but
we alos rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received
reconciliation. The N.I.V. translates the original word Katallage,
The word atonement itself does not infer at-one-ment as many believe. Atonement means
simply coverings or to cover depending on the use of the word, i.e.
noun or ver.
The dictionary definition is simply to make amends for a wrong, a sin or an injury.
Also reconciliation. When used as a noun, the word atonement refers to the actual
sacrifice. For instance Christ is our atonement or sacrifice to make reconciliation from
the alienation inherited from Adam. Reference Rom. 5:10 For if, when we were
Gods enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more,
having been reconciled shall we be saved through his life! Note! Vines
Comments under Reconcile Reconciliation. Also, note II Cor. 5:17-21
Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new
has come! All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us
the ministry of reconciliation: that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ,
not counting mens sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of
reconciliation. We are therefore Christs ambassadors, as though God were making his
appeal through us. We implore you on Christs behalf: Be reconciled to God. God made
him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of
- What all happens in the process of atonement? First there has to be a realization of the
need for reconciliation to God because of the alienation inherited from Adam and the sins
we have committed against God. This realization can only come through the reading and
understanding of his Spirit Word. When this realization comes, one must begin his
repentance from his old ways of sin and commit himself to serving God by obedience to his
The first act of obedience is to be baptized into Christs death in order to be
reconciled to God. This baptism is a typical dying with Christ on the cross. II Tim.
2:11-12. Here is a trustworthy saying: If we died with him, we will also live with
him; If we endure, we will also reign with him. If we disown him, he will also disown
us. Paul states in Rom. 6:7 that when a man is dead, he is free from
sin. This death is also styled the appointed death recorded in Heb.
9:27. Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment.
Also, Eph. 2:4-5 (Authorized Version) But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great
love wherewith he loved us, Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together
with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) and 11-13 Wherefore remember,
that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that
which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; That at that time ye were
without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the
covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world; but now in Christ
Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
- What are the benefits of the atonement? Paul refers to the benefits of reconciliation by
the atonement (sacrifice) of Christ in Rom. 5:9-11. Since we have now been justified
by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from Gods wrath through him! For if,
when we were Gods enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son,
how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life! Not only is
this so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have
now received reconciliation. Rom. 3:22-24 This righteousness from God comes
through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, for all have
sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his grace through
the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. Col. 3:9-10 A.V. Lie not one to
another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds; and have put on the new
man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.
We have a hope of everlasting life according to Rom. 8:22-24. We know that the
whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present
time. Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan
inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption for our bodies. For
in this hope we were saved. But hope that is seen is no hope at all. Who hopes for what he
already has? Heb. 10:19-23. Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to
enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way opened for us
through the curtain, that is, his body, and since we have a great priest over the house of
God, let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our
hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with
pure water, Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for he who promised is